Coffee is among the most popular beverages around the world. It originated in Arabia around the fourteenth century. Famous coffee types are Americano, cappuccino, decaf, mocha, latte, and espresso. Coffee is consumed for its caffeine content, which makes the drinker alert. Due to this, some people tend to drink a lot of coffee just to stay alert. There is a lot of debate about the benefits and complications of drinking coffee. Several studies praise coffee for its health effects, while others highlight its drawbacks. Let us discuss the pros and cons.
Pros of Coffee:
- Increased alertness: Coffee contains caffeine, which is responsible for the activeness and alertness felt after drinking it. Caffeine acts as a nervous system stimulant, which increases focus and reduces sleepiness.
- Mood and mental health: Moderate consumption of coffee improves mood and reduces the risk of depression and mental illnesses. Coffee also increases the productivity of the drinker.
- Metabolism booster: The consumption of coffee has been linked to an increased metabolic rate. This might contribute to increased calorie burning and help with weight loss.
- Rich in antioxidants, coffee is derived from coffee beans. Coffee contains several phytonutrients, which are potential antioxidants. One of the major active compounds in coffee is chlorogenic acid. Coffee can help reduce oxidative stress and scavenge free radicals.
- Exercise performance: Coffee improves exercise performance as it reduces tiredness and increases alertness. Caffeine increases adrenaline production, which is the fight-or-flight hormone. It also releases endorphins, which give the exerciser a feeling of wellness.
- Reduced liver damage: Several studies highlight that coffee consumption reduces the risk of liver damage and cirrhosis. It may also prevent hepatic cancer.
Cons of Coffee:
- Risk for the fetus: Caffeine can travel across the placenta in pregnant women. High caffeine intake is related to increased miscarriages. It can also hinder fetal growth. Therefore, pregnant women are advised to decrease their coffee intake.
- Risk for children: Caffeine can lead to mood swings and behavioral changes in children. Children may experience anxiety and restlessness with coffee consumption.
- Cholesterol levels: Unfiltered coffee contains compounds that can increase serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels. Excessive consumption of coffee may affect heart health.
- Cardiovascular health: Consumption of coffee is linked to an increase in heart rate or an irregular heart rate and blood pressure. However, these effects are temporary and may occur just after drinking coffee. Some studies link coffee consumption to greater risks of developing hypertension. Patients with cardiovascular diseases are advised to avoid coffee.
- Absorption of calcium: Caffeine hinders the absorption of calcium in the gastrointestinal tract. Decreased calcium absorption may lead to a loss of bone density and cause osteoporosis. It is generally advised to limit caffeine and increase calcium and vitamin D-rich foods in the diet of osteoporosis patients. Moreover, the consumption of caffeine in meals should be avoided.
- Disrupted sleep patterns: Drinking coffee is often linked to irregular and disturbed sleep. Heavy coffee drinkers experience insomnia and disrupted sleep routines. Such people should avoid drinking coffee for at least 4 hours before bed.
- Digestive health: Some coffee drinkers may experience bloating and acidity issues with coffee consumption. This is mostly due to the acidic nature of coffee. You should limit your coffee intake if you face any digestive issues because of it.
- Individual variations: It is very important to understand that the effect of coffee can vary from person to person depending on genetics, individual sensitivities, and health conditions.
Coffee has both benefits and drawbacks. It improves alertness, exercise performance, and metabolism; however, it can hinder the absorption of nutrients, cause digestive issues, and disrupt the sleep cycle. Talk to Gytree Experts for the guidance on optimum amount of coffee consumption. It is advisable to make wise decisions on coffee intake according to individual choices, health conditions, and tolerances. Consumption of 2-3 cups of coffee per day has been considered safe for adults.