Verified by Dr. Vaishali Sakpal Rane (MBBS, DGO Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
A vaginal yeast infection causes stinging, itching, redness, and a white vaginal discharge and vulva. These infections are brought on by candida, a yeast-like fungus that is already present in your body. Candida is a sort of yeast and a specific type of yeast. There are no issues when this yeast is in equilibrium with your body's environment. When that equilibrium is upset, the yeast develops fast and you might develop a yeast infection. You may get a vaginal yeast infection numerous times in your life. These infections, while unpleasant, can be frequent.
There are numerous indicators of a vaginal yeast infection. Among these signs are:
- Itching in the vaginal and vulvar areas.
- A whitish, thick discharge the consistency of cottage cheese.
- Vaginal and vulvar redness and swelling
- The vulva's skin is prone to minute cuts or microscopic fissures due to the nearby friable skin
- You experience a stinging sensation when you urinate
A few lifestyle modifications can be used to avoid vaginal yeast infections. These modifications include:
- Do not douche—douching can destroy germs that control fungus
- Using feminine deodorants as little as possible
- Avoiding the use of pads or tampons with fragrances
- As quickly as possible, change out of damp clothing, especially swimming suits
- Using sexual lubricants that are water-based
Yeast infections are easy to identify. Your doctor will ask about your medical history. This includes whether you've previously experienced yeast infections. They may also inquire as to whether you have ever had a STI. A pelvic exam is the next step. Your doctor will inspect your cervix and vaginal walls. They will also examine for physical symptoms of illness in the surrounding region. The following step may be to extract cells from your vagina, depending on what your doctor finds. These cells are examined in a laboratory. Typically, lab tests are done for women who have fungal infections on a regular basis or for infections that do not resolve.
Yeast infections are common, but timely treatment can help alleviate the unpleasant symptoms within a few days. You can avoid future infections by understanding your individual risk factors and taking the right guidance from your doctor.