Verified by Dr. Vaishali Sakpal Rane (MBBS, DGO Obstetrics and Gynaecology, DNB Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Infections known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are transferred via sexual contact. STIs are very prevalent and spread quickly. While some STIs are treatable and curable, others cannot. You may take action to safeguard your health by being informed and learing about ways to prevent STI .
The possibility of contracting a STI exists for anybody who engages in sexual activity. Both STIs that cause symptoms and those that don't. A person who has an STI can spread it to others through coming into contact with their mouth, rectum, genitalia, or bodily fluids. This involves physical touch during oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse. Your health may be impacted even if there are no symptoms. Preventing STIs effectively starts before any sexual engagement.
The following ways to prevent STI can help lower your chance of contracting a STI:
- Choose your partner wisely and with prospective partners, be open about both of your sexual backgrounds.
- Before having sex, both you and your partner should get tested.
- When intoxicated by drink or drugs, refrain from engaging in sexual activity.
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and the human papillomavirus (HPV) (HBV).
- Think about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a drug that HIV negative people can use to lessen their chance of developing HIV.
- Every time you involve into a sexual activity, use barrier techniques.
Your chance of getting a STI can be reduced by using barrier techniques. Furthermore, STI transmission can be avoided by practising proper hygiene both before and after sexual contact. It's crucial to adhere to guidelines while using condoms and other barrier devices. Verify the date of expiration. Avoid using oil-based lubes with latex condoms and instead use a condom-safe lubricant. Never wear a condom again.
It's crucial to discuss sexual health with your partner, but not everyone who has a STI is aware of it. Testing is crucial for this reason. STIs are rather common, but there are methods to avoid them and lower your risk. Discuss honestly with your spouse or your doctor the best technique for you if you're unsure.