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What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) all about?

Ah, PMS. Those three little letters can strike fear in the hearts of menstruating people everywhere. Mood swings,bloating, cravings- it's a monthly rollercoaster that can leave us feeling like strangers in our own bodies. Let's find out!

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Johanitha Moraes
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Pms

Photo taken from Canva Stock Images

Ah, PMS. Those three little letters can strike fear in the hearts of menstruating people everywhere. Mood swings,bloating, cravings- it's a monthly rollercoaster before our periods that can leave us feeling like strangers in our own bodies. But before you resign yourself to a lifetime of chocolate-fueled meltdowns, let's delve into the science behind PMS and explore ways to manage it effectively.

What is PMS?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a collection of physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the days or weeks leading up to a period. It's estimated that up to 80% of menstruating people experience some level of PMS.

How to manage Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
Photo taken from Canva Stock Images
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The Science Behind it

The exact cause of PMS remains a bit of a mystery, but scientists believe it's linked to the hormonal shifts that occur during the menstrual cycle. Here's a simplified breakdown:

  • Estrogen and Progesterone: These hormones fluctuate throughout the cycle. Right before your period, estrogen levels drop, while progesterone levels may also decrease.
  • Brain Chemistry: This hormonal shift can impact brain chemicals like serotonin, which regulates mood and emotions.

The PMS Symptoms

PMS symptoms can vary from person to person, but some common culprits include:

  • Physical SymptomsBloating, cramps, headaches, fatigue, and breast tenderness.
  • Emotional Symptoms: Irritability, anxiety, mood swings, difficulty concentrating, and depression.
  • Behavioral Changes: Food cravings, difficulty sleeping, and social withdrawal.
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Pms
Photo taken from Canva Stock Images

Friend or Foe?

While PMS can be disruptive, it's important to remember that it's a normal part of the menstrual cycle. However, if your symptoms are severe and significantly impacting your daily life, it's crucial to consult a doctor to rule out any underlying conditions. Consult our Gytree experts if you seem to be experiencing such extreme symptoms. 

Tips for a Smoother Ride

There's no magic bullet for PMS, but some lifestyle changes can help ease the symptoms:

  • Diet: Focus on whole foods, fruits, vegetables, and lean protein. Reduce salt and refined sugars, which can worsen bloating.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity can boost mood and energy levels.
  • Stress Management: Practice relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing to manage stress, a known PMS trigger.
  • Sleep: Getting enough quality sleep (7-8 hours) can significantly improve mood and overall well-being.

Remember, PMS doesn't have to control your life. By understanding the science behind it and implementing simple lifestyle changes, you can navigate your menstrual cycle with more confidence and less stress. Embrace the hormonal shifts, and don't be afraid to seek professional help if needed. You've got this!

 

Periods premenstrual syndrome
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